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Flow of Fluids Through Pipe, Fittings, Valves and Pumps
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Introduction
About Flow Of Fluids Excel Workbook
Before you start this course
Introduction
Viscosity
Kinematic viscosity
PRACTICE SESSION : Determining viscosity using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Weight density of liquids
PRACTICE SESSION : Weight density of liquids using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Specific volume
Weight density of gases and vapors
PRACTICE SESSION : Weight density of gases using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Specific gravity
PRACTICE SESSION : Specific gravity using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Vapor pressure
PRACTICE SESSION: Determining vapor pressure using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
More charts and diagrams - The Chemical Engineer's Reference Folder
Introduction
Mean velocity of flow
PRACTICE SESSION : Velocity of flow using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Reynolds number (Re)
PRACTICE SESSION : Reynolds number using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Bernoulli's theorem
Measurement of pressure
Introduction
Friction factor
Friction factor using the Colebrook equation
Explicit approximations of Colebrook
PRACTICE SESSION: Friction factor using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Hazen-Williams formula for flow of water
PRACTICE SESSION: Hazen-Williams using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Effect of age and use on pipe friction
Introduction
Definition of a perfect gas
Speed of sound and Mach number
Approaches to compressible flow problems
Application of the Darcy equation to compressible fluids
Complete isothermal equation
Simplified isothermal gas pipeline equation
Other commonly used equations for compressible flow in long pipelines
Comparison of equations for compressible flow in pipelines
Modifications to the isothermal flow equation
Limiting flow of gases and vapors
PRACTICE SESSION: Expansion factor "Y" & ∆P using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Introduction
Types of valves used in piping systems
Types of fittings used in piping systems
Pressure drop attributed to valves and fittings
Relationship of pressure drop to velocity of flow
Hydraulic resistance
Causes of head loss in valves and fittings
Equivalent length "L/D"
Resistance coefficient "K"
Resistance coef. K for pipelines, valves and fittings in series and in parallel
Flow coefficient "Cv"
Use of flow coefficient "Cv" for piping and components
Flow coefficient Cv for pipelines, valves and fittings in series and in parallel
Laminar flow conditions
Contraction and enlargement
PRACTICE SESSION: Contraction & enlargement using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Valves with reduced seats
PRACTICE SESSION: Valve resistance coef. "K" using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Resistance of bends
PRACTICE SESSION: Resistance of bends using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Hydraulic resistance of Tees and Wyes
Hydraulic resistance of Tees and Wyes : Converging flow
Hydraulic resistance of Tees and Wyes : Diverging flow
PRACTICE SESSION: Resistance of "T" and "Y" using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Discharge of fluids through valves, fittings and pipe
Introduction
Valve components
Inherent characteristic curve
Installed characteristic curve
Pressure, Velocity and Energy profiles through a control valve
Cavitation, Choked Flow and Flashing
Sizing and selection
Sizing for INcompressible flow
Sizing for compressible flow
Conversion of Cv to Kv
Introduction
Orifices, Nozzles and Venturi Tubes
Orifice plate
Limits of use of orifice plates
Flow nozzle
Limits of use of flow nozzles
Venturi meter
Limits of use of Venturi meters
Introduction
Differential pressure and pressure loss
Pressure loss coefficient
Rate of flow and flow coefficient "C"
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Definition
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Orifice plates
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Flow nozzles
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Venturi meters
PRACTICE SESSION: Discharge coefficient "Cd" using flow of fluids excel workbook
Flow of gases and Net Expansibility Factor "Y"
Downloadable resources
About this flow problems section
Example #1 : Determining Reynolds Number (Re) and Friction Factor (f)
Example #2 : Y pattern valve resistance, equivalent length L & flow coef. Cv
Example #3 : Globe valve resistance, equivalent length L & flow coef. Cv
Example #4 : Gate valve resistance coef. "K" & equivalent lengths "L/D" & "L"
Example #5 : Sizing lift check valves
Example #6 : Fluid velocity and rate of discharge through a ball valve
Example #7 : Laminar flow in valves, fittings and pipe #1
Example #8 : Laminar flow in valves, fittings and pipe #2
Example #9 : Determining pressure drop in a piping system
Example #10 : Sizing an orifice for a given pressure drop and fluid velocity
Example #11 : Bernoulli's Theorem - Pressure drop and fluid velocity
Example #12 : Process air lines - Pressure drop and fluid velocity
Example #13 : Sizing a centrifugal pump for oil pipelines
Example #14 : Flow of natural gas through pipelines
ABOUT THE COURSE
Introduction
Preview
About Flow Of Fluids Excel Workbook
Preview
Before you start this course
Preview
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS
Introduction
Viscosity
Kinematic viscosity
PRACTICE SESSION : Determining viscosity using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Weight density of liquids
PRACTICE SESSION : Weight density of liquids using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Specific volume
Weight density of gases and vapors
PRACTICE SESSION : Weight density of gases using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Specific gravity
PRACTICE SESSION : Specific gravity using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Vapor pressure
PRACTICE SESSION: Determining vapor pressure using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
More charts and diagrams - The Chemical Engineer's Reference Folder
NATURE OF FLOW IN PIPE : LAMINAR AND TURBULENT FLOW
Introduction
Mean velocity of flow
PRACTICE SESSION : Velocity of flow using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Preview
Reynolds number (Re)
PRACTICE SESSION : Reynolds number using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
BERNOULLI'S THEOREM
Bernoulli's theorem
MEASUREMENT OF PRESSURE
Measurement of pressure
HEAD LOSS AND PRESSURE DROP THROUGH PIPE
Introduction
Friction factor
Friction factor using the Colebrook equation
Explicit approximations of Colebrook
PRACTICE SESSION: Friction factor using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Hazen-Williams formula for flow of water
PRACTICE SESSION: Hazen-Williams using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Effect of age and use on pipe friction
COMPRESSIBLE FLOW IN PIPE
Introduction
Definition of a perfect gas
Speed of sound and Mach number
Approaches to compressible flow problems
Application of the Darcy equation to compressible fluids
Complete isothermal equation
Simplified isothermal gas pipeline equation
Other commonly used equations for compressible flow in long pipelines
Comparison of equations for compressible flow in pipelines
Modifications to the isothermal flow equation
Limiting flow of gases and vapors
PRACTICE SESSION: Expansion factor "Y" & ∆P using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
FLOW OF FLUIDS THROUGH VALVES AND FITTINGS
Introduction
Types of valves used in piping systems
Types of fittings used in piping systems
Pressure drop attributed to valves and fittings
Preview
Relationship of pressure drop to velocity of flow
Hydraulic resistance
Causes of head loss in valves and fittings
Equivalent length "L/D"
Resistance coefficient "K"
Resistance coef. K for pipelines, valves and fittings in series and in parallel
Flow coefficient "Cv"
Use of flow coefficient "Cv" for piping and components
Preview
Flow coefficient Cv for pipelines, valves and fittings in series and in parallel
Laminar flow conditions
Contraction and enlargement
PRACTICE SESSION: Contraction & enlargement using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Valves with reduced seats
PRACTICE SESSION: Valve resistance coef. "K" using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Preview
Resistance of bends
PRACTICE SESSION: Resistance of bends using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Hydraulic resistance of Tees and Wyes
Hydraulic resistance of Tees and Wyes : Converging flow
Hydraulic resistance of Tees and Wyes : Diverging flow
PRACTICE SESSION: Resistance of "T" and "Y" using Flow of Fluids Excel Workbook
Discharge of fluids through valves, fittings and pipe
REGULATING FLOW WITH CONTROL VALVES
Introduction
Valve components
Inherent characteristic curve
Installed characteristic curve
Pressure, Velocity and Energy profiles through a control valve
Cavitation, Choked Flow and Flashing
Preview
Sizing and selection
Sizing for INcompressible flow
Sizing for compressible flow
Conversion of Cv to Kv
MEASURING FLOW WITH DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE METERS
Introduction
Orifices, Nozzles and Venturi Tubes
Orifice plate
Limits of use of orifice plates
Flow nozzle
Limits of use of flow nozzles
Venturi meter
Limits of use of Venturi meters
LIQUID FLOW THROUGH ORIFICES, NOZZLES AND VENTURI
Introduction
Differential pressure and pressure loss
Pressure loss coefficient
Rate of flow and flow coefficient "C"
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Definition
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Orifice plates
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Flow nozzles
Discharge coefficient "Cd" : Venturi meters
PRACTICE SESSION: Discharge coefficient "Cd" using flow of fluids excel workbook
COMPRESSIBLE FLOW THROUGH ORIFICES, NOZZLES AND VENTURI
Flow of gases and Net Expansibility Factor "Y"
DOWNLOADABLE RESOURCES
Downloadable resources
FLOW PROBLEMS - LET'S GET SOME PRACTICE !!!
About this flow problems section
Preview
Example #1 : Determining Reynolds Number (Re) and Friction Factor (f)
Example #2 : Y pattern valve resistance, equivalent length L & flow coef. Cv
Example #3 : Globe valve resistance, equivalent length L & flow coef. Cv
Example #4 : Gate valve resistance coef. "K" & equivalent lengths "L/D" & "L"
Example #5 : Sizing lift check valves
Example #6 : Fluid velocity and rate of discharge through a ball valve
Example #7 : Laminar flow in valves, fittings and pipe #1
Preview
Example #8 : Laminar flow in valves, fittings and pipe #2
Example #9 : Determining pressure drop in a piping system
Example #10 : Sizing an orifice for a given pressure drop and fluid velocity
Example #11 : Bernoulli's Theorem - Pressure drop and fluid velocity
Example #12 : Process air lines - Pressure drop and fluid velocity
Example #13 : Sizing a centrifugal pump for oil pipelines
Example #14 : Flow of natural gas through pipelines
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